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  • Ns064664j?file=thumbnail
    Article
    Walls, David S.
    The Bicentennial is also the approximate centennial of the "discovery" of Southern Appalachia as a unique subcultural region by the writers of the "local-color" movement in the mid-1870's. Within twenty years the missionary movement had transformed th . . .
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    Article
    Walls, David, S.
    John F. Kennedy to West Virginia, introducing him to the poverty of the central Appalachian coalfields as he waged a successful battle against Hubert Humphrey in the Democratic primary. Kennedy's confrontation with West Virginia's poverty led to sever . . .
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    Article
    Walls, David S.
    We have asked a number of organizing scholars and practitioners to comment on Zelda Bronstein’s “Politics’ Fatal Therapeutic Turn” (and exchange with Marshall Ganz) from the Summer 2011 issue of Dissent. The responses were written either before or dur . . .
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    Article
    Wallis, Kim
    Walter H. Roeder is an invaluable volunteer at the Sonoma State University Library Archives, and assists the library by helping to organize, sort, and evaluate historic collections and donations to the Library. Walter has worked with the Leopold Justi . . .
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    Article
    Wallis, Kim
    Folklore is an important part of the American West. It can be a window into our past that helps us better understand the present. Sometimes folklore can become part of our everyday life and customs. Folklore can also help us understand the history of . . .
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    Poster
    Wallis, Kim
    In 2012 the Sonoma State University Library found itself in a 215,000 square foot building with multiple service points and a limited number of employees to cover all the service desks. A study was made and it was determined that the media desk could . . .
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    Article
    Wallis, Kim
    In 2012 the Sonoma State University Library found itself in a 215,000 square foot building with multiple service points and a limited number of employees to cover all the service desks. A study was made and it was determined that the media desk could . . .
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    Article
    Toczyski, Suzanne
    In 1694, after a voyage of several weeks on a ship sailing from La Rochelle, France, the Dominican priest Jean-Baptiste Labat arrived at the French colony of Martinique; some twenty-eight years later, he transformed his copiously detailed journals int . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    The determination of the speeds with which the stars are moving toward us or away from us (their radial velocities) began with an error. To explain why stars had different colors, Christian Doppler at the University of Prague proposed in 1842 that sta . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Carl V.L. Charlier (1862-1934), who applied statistical analysis to the positions and motions of the stars, is famed for his hierarchical model of the universe, in which clustering extends to larger and larger systems.
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Quasars and active galaxies dominated the discussion at the Society's 90th annual meeting (held June 26-30, 1979, at Sonoma State University) but there was much more: Jupiter and its satellites, wine and cheese tasting, a 3-D film of Mars, and the pre . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
  • Pk02cb356?file=thumbnail
    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Alfred Fowler (1868-1940) was one of the first to discover molecules in stars and he made important contributions to the early development of quantum mechanics.
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Astronomers have always liked medals. Perhaps it is to make up for the lack of pecuniary rewards for seeking the secrets of the universe. The Royal Astronomical Society began bestowing its Gold Medal in 1824, and its counterparts in Paris and Berlin h . . .
  • B2773w487?file=thumbnail
    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    In 1875 the directorship of the Harvard College Observatory was offered to Simon Newcomb, the man widely considered to be the United States' leading astronomer. Newcomb declined the offer; one reason, he wrote in his autobiography years later, was the . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Henri Poincare is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Like Carl Gauss and Isaac Newton, he developed much of his mathematics in order to apply it in problems of astronomy and physics. He published more than five hundred research . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    The Pulkovo Observatory, established by Czar Nicholas I in the 1830s, served the needs of the Russian empire just as the Royal Greenwich Observatory, the Paris Observatory, and the U.S. Naval Observatory served their own governments. In the nineteenth . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    In the 1880s George H. Darwin (son of the biologist) was the Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy at Cambridge University. Primarily interested in mathematical problems related to the tides and to the formation of the Earth and M . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Those whose picture of nineteenth century Britain was formed by reading Charles Dickens may think that a poor lad's only hope was to discover that he was a long-lost heir to a rich nobleman. This picture is false; there were many roads to success for . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    As a boy he won scholarships to a leading university, where he specialized in mathematical astronomy. He finished his career as a director of his country's national observatory, where he had worked as a young assistant before becoming director of a sm . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Arthur Stanley Eddington dominated theoretical astrophysics in the early decades of this century, and his influence continues. Just sine 1988, astronomer have published at least twenty papers with titles containing his name, with references to Eddingt . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Readers of this series may recall that in the late nineteenth century Hermann Carl Vogel [Mercury, Nov/Dec 1990] obtained the first reliable measurements of radial velocities of stars--their speed toward us or away from us. It was Vogel's laboratory m . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Henri Deslandres was a six-year-old Parisian schoolboy when Gustav Kirchoff and Robert Bunsen in Heidelberg discovered that each gas emitted and absorbed its own characteristic set of wavelengths. A number of scientist, including Kirchoff himself, Nor . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    A visiting lecturer, welcomed at a formal dinner at the Sorbonne in Paris in about 1911, was astonished to hear, "We honor you for several reasons: first because of your own distinguished accomplishments; second, because you are an American; and third . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Henry Norris Russel impressed the physicists and astronomers of his day the way physicists and astronomers sometimes impress the more credulous members of the public: He was a "brain," not just smart, but supersmart, so quick that he often left his li . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    After awarding two successive Bruce Medals to theoretical astrophysicists in their forties, the A.S.P. returned to a more familiar type of medalist, a senior astronomer who still looked through telescopes. Although most observers had turned to photogr . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    "How far away is that star?" The question comes up often at public viewing nights. It has taken an enormous amount of work to answer that question, even for the nearest stars. Look at a nearby object against a distant background from two different pos . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Imagine yourself a member of the A.S.P. Board of Directors in November 1913 examining the records of candidates for the prestigious Bruce Medal. Asked to nominate from one to three astronomers each, the directors of the Berlin, Greenwich, Harvard, Lic . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    George Ellery Hale was born just nine years after two major scientific events: the publication of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, and the discovery by Gustav Kirchhoff and Robert Bunsen that sunlight, dispersed by a prism or grating, could reveal . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    John Plaskett was a re-entry student. Today, many students begin their higher education late and work full time, but this was unusual in the 1890s. Yet Plaskett, the mechanician in charge of physics apparatus at the University of Toronto, enrolled as . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Imagine a contest to choose an ideal role model for amateur astronomers, say someone who rose from poor, self-taught amateur to the very top rank of professionals. The winner would probably be William Herschel, the 18th century musician from Hanover w . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Radioactivity was discovered in the 1890s. When the mysterious new radiation was placed in a magnetic field, it was found to be of three different types. One was bent to the left by the field, one to the right, and the third was unaffected. They were . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    In 1884 recent graduate H.H. Turner was continuing his studies in mathematics as a Fellow of Trinity College at Cambridge University. One of his examiners was Astronomer Royal William H.M. Christie, who had recently taken over the Royal Observatory at . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Minor planets (asteroids) have been much in the news lately, while clusters of galaxies and the structure of the interstellar medium are among the hottest topics of astronomical research. All three of these fields owe much to Max Wolf. Five years youn . . .
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    Article
    Tenn, Joseph S.
    Often in the history of astronomy, chance meetings have changed lives. Readers of this series may recall the fruitful collaboration between Jacobus C. Kapteyn, "the astronomer without a telescope" at the University of Groningen, and David Gill, her Ma . . .
  • B2773w47z?file=thumbnail
    Presentation
    Sullins, John P.
    A technology is used ethically when it is intelligently controlled to further a moral good. So we can easily extrapolate that the ethical use of telerobotic weapons technology occurs only when that technology is intelligently controlled and advances a . . .
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    Article
    Sullins, John P.
    The author argues that in certain circumstances robots can be seen as real moral agents. A distinction is made between persons and moral agents such that, it is not necessary for a robot to have personhood in order to be a moral agent. I detail three . . .
  • Work
    Article
    Sullins, John P.
    Artificial Life (ALife) has two goals. One attempts to describe fundamental qualities of living systems through agent based computer models. And the second studies whether or not we can artificially create living things in computational mediums that c . . .
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    Article
    Sullins, John P.
    This paper will present the argument that the ethical status of autonomous robots, both as ethical agents and objects of ethical consideration, will be based on, but not identical to, the ethical status of their makers, operators, and those people and . . .
  • Work
    Video
    Sullins, John P.
    Roboethics is the new field emerging around the rapid advances in robotics. How are we to program machines that are to interact with people in social settings? How can we make these machines behave ethically and in a manner sensitive to the humans the . . .