Article

Effect of band filling on symmetric and asymmetric one-dimensional periodic Anderson model

We have studied the ground-state properties of the symmetric and asymmetric one-dimensional periodic Anderson model as a function of band filling and the model parameters (V, U, and Ef) using the local mean-field (LMF) approach. We have constructed the phase diagram for both cases and have calculated the energy, local moment, and occupation number of the f level. The LMF approach can reveal the basic properties of the system throughout the entire parameter space. For the symmetric case (Ef=-U/2), close to quarter and half filling the antiferromagnetic phase is the ground state. For intermediate band-filling there is a second-order phase transition to a ferromagnetic state. At quarter filling there is a transition from a metallic paramagnetic state to an insulating antiferromagnetic state as the on-site Coulomb interaction increases. The asymmetric case is treated in the mixed-valence regime (Ef=0). At half filling the ground state is antiferromagnetic while at or close to quarter filling it is paramagnetic. Below half filling the ground state becomes ferromagnetic, suggesting that doping destroys rapidly the antiferromagnetic f-f spin correlations. For small values of U we find a paramagnetic state at all band fillings. Results for the average occupation number of the f level compare well with density matrix renormalization group calculations.

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