The Prehistoric Exploitation of Marine Mammals and Birds at San Nicolas Island, California

Research on San Nicolas Island prehistory currently describes an aboriginal maritime adaptation which appeared about 6,800 years ago. Faunal data from the stratified site of SNI-11 indicate an early procurement strategy dominated by shellfish gathering and supplemented by fish, sea-mammal and bird resources. This economy evolved into a broader-based strategy which focused upon the diverse range of species foraging and inhabiting the kelp beds and in which smaller pinniped and cetacean species played an important role.