Values as Predictors of Environmental Attitudes: Evidence for Consistency Across 14 countries.

A multinational study is reported on the relationship between values and attitudes.Environmental attitudes were measured using the revised New Environmenta lParadigm(NEP:Dunlapet al.,1992)and Thompson and Barton's (1994) ecocentrism-anthropocentrism scales. Other measures included gender, SES, religion, and Schwartz's (1994) universal values scale. Survey data were obtained from college students in 14 countries. A sample of 2160 participants was obtained through university contacts in each country. Results found support for the distinction between different types of environmental attitudes.Regression analyses revealed a consistent pattern of findings across countries. Scores on the NEP scale and the ecocentrism scale were predicted by universalism (positively), power (negatively), and tradition (negatively). In contrast, anthropocentric concerns were significantly related to benevolence (negatively), power (positively), tradition (positively), and security (positively). Overall, these findings support the value-basis theory of environmental attitudes