Ecological factors in Hmong American educational success

This report examines the academic needs and challenges of Hmong students at Sacramento State. It explores the students’ experiences, using both numeric and narrative data, and then considers institutional changes that will better support their academic development. This report provides implications for educators and policymakers, including academic institutions that serve large numbers of frst-generation Hmong students whose parent did not complete a four-year college degree. The report gives Sacramento State an insight into the experiences of the 1,000+ Hmong students it serves. The goal is to begin a rich conversation that will identify comprehensive policies and innovative practices that will increase the college completion rate among Hmong students.