Referential Treatment: A Means of Social Justice

The main objective of this paper is to explicate and examine the pros and cons of the most debatable issue known as preferential treatment from the perspective of India. Thosee who oppose preferential treatment would conceive it as 'reverse discrimination' - a form of injustice. Those who support it would conceive it as 'affirmative action' in terms of compensation. In this regard, the views of justice of two great modern thinkers, namely, Rawls and Amartya Sen, have been examined. At the end, this paper favors preferential treatment from the concept of 'justita' of Amarty Sen and in this regard, the character of Arjuna of Gita of Mahabharata has been chosen as a model (representative) of social justice.


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