Charter of the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming

[From Introduction] It was a time of war. The twin demons of fear and hate had put these people of Japanese descent behind barbed wire in an obscure part of Wyoming. Consisting of a one-square-mile enclosure of barbed wire surrounding approximately six hundred barracks, the camp held a population of more than twelve thousand at its maximum. These camps came into being as the result of a series of decisions that began less than three months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor catapulted the United States into World War II. Presidential Executive Order No. 9066 authorized the evacuation and exclusion of persons of Japanese ancestry from the Pacific Coast of the United States. The order was followed, a month later--in March 1942--by Presidential Executive Order No. 9102 which created the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and mandated the internment.