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Vertical and horizontal behavior in organizations - China and South Korea compared
Organizations bridge individuals and individual activities with the overall society and social functions. To individuals, they exist as an order, hierarchy, framework, and procedure by which individual activities are controlled, channelled, and transmitted into collective forces or products. To the overall social system, organizations are basic units or components that discharge social functions and embody dominant ideology, culture, and institutional establishment. In an initial projection, both differences and similarities can be expected in organizations and organizational relations between China and South Korea. This paper utilizes surveys conducted by the East-West Center in both countries and attempts to document and explain how Chinese and Koreans differ from or share with each other in vertical and horizontal relations as well as promotions within organizations.