Effective leadership by capacities of virtues: a new analysis of power of political leadership in Confucian perspective

This paper develops the theory of virtues as those capabilities of a human person which integrate both the view of Confucian ethics and Aristotelian ethics. It proposes a theory of leadership (political leadership, in particular) based on the development and implementation of the virtue-capabilities of wisdom, care and courage as defined in Confucian Analects. It argues for those Confucian insights into the depth structure of the human self in terms of feeling, thinking and willing, which then leads to the virtue-capabilities of zhi ren yong (wisdom, care and courage). Ii explains how these three virtue-capabilities form a unity of trinity which warrants effective political leadership. It also show how this model of political leadership will have to be effective on three levels of society at large; namely, community, business and government.