Food and agricultural system international trade and the environment

Economic (competitiveness and international trade rules) as well as environmental concerns are replacing military security as international issues.This study investigates the interface between the two (and secondarily between trade and sanitary and phytosanitary issues). Comparative advantage, environmental externalities, concerns of both environmentalists and free traders as well as more balanced views, free trade and the environment as substitutesand complements, and the effect of GATT trade rules effect on environmentalist’s views in the U.S.-Mexico tuna-dolphin case are examined. It concludes with the results of selected theoretical and empirical studies.