Training on Tanker Operations as a Task Based Learning Application
In 2002 - 2003 DEU – Nautical Science Department has decided to transform its conventional education methodology to the “Problem Based Learning” (PBL) methodology in order the meet the expectations of the rapidly changing maritime industry. In the year of 2005 – 2006, Nautical Science department started to use Task Based Learning (TBL) methodology is the last phase of the active learning, for students at their last year of MET (Maritime Education and Training). Task-based learning, as a strategy, has similarities with problem-based learning but also has its own unique attributes. Problem-based learning focuses on supplying the learners gaining problem solving skills. Learners set their own learning objectives on the path of solving the specific problem presented in the scenario. After three years of maritime education, the deck officer candidates get ready to take responsibility of managing certain tasks either alone or as a team member. TBL focus on accomplishment of the trainees on planned tasks, such as, loading and unloading operations of oil tankers, handling a ship under various situations using different sources like international regulations or other maritime sources. Most important property of TBL which can be distinguished from the tasks of conventional education is that, TBL has “trainee directed learning” strategies all through the learning process. This study focuses on, how the applications and the practices of the “Task Based Learning” are performed, with predefined tasks in the training of oil cargo and ballast operations in Dokuz Eylul University, School of Maritime Business and Management, Department of Nautical Science.