Innovative Manufacturing Process for Defect Free, Affordable, High Pressure, Thin Walled, Hydraulic Tubing
Various thermo-mechanical processes were performed on a standard and a low oxygen content Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Testing was performed to determine whether it was possible to achieve a combination of tensile properties comparable to those of Ti-3Al-2.5V by means of cold working and annealing Ti-6Al-4V from a thickness of 0.671 cm (0.264 in.) to that between 0.081 and 0.094 cm (0.032-0.037 in.), which had never been carried out before. The resulting mechanical properties of this study were compared to the mechanical properties of Ti-3Al-2.5V to determine whether Ti-6Al-4V could be used as a suitable replacement for hydraulic tubing applications. The optimum results were achieved with 10-15% cold work and annealing at 750 °C (1382 °F) for 2 h between cold work reductions in thickness. It was concluded that Ti-6Al-4V was a suitable replacement for Ti-3Al-2.5V for hydraulic tubing with an increase in ultimate and yield strengths, but with a slight sacrifice of 5-10% elongation.