Transcriptional control of the murine polymeric IgA receptor promoter by glucocorticoids

Transcriptional control of the murine polymeric IgA receptor promoter by glucocorticoids. Am. J. Physiol. 276 (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 39): G1425- G1434, 1999.-Glucocorticoids have been implicated as an important regulator of intestinal epithelial cell ontogeny. The polymeric IgA receptor (pIgR) is expressed in the intestinal epithelial layer and is regulated by several mediators, including glucocorticoids. The mechanism of how corticosteroids alter the transcriptional regulation of pIgR expression has not been defined. In this study, we demonstrated that glucocorticoids upregulate steady-state pIgR mRNA levels in the proximal intestine of suckling rats and in the IEC-6 intestinal cell line. We performed functional analysis of the 58-flanking region in the presence of glucocorticoids and its receptor using the intestinal cell line Caco-2.We screened 4.7 kb of the upstream region of the murine gene and identified the most potent steroid response element to reside between nt 2215 and 2163 relative to the start of transcription. Substitution mutation analysis of this region identified the location of the putative steroid response element to be between nt 2195 and 2176. In vitro DNase I footprint analysis using the recombinant glucocorticoid receptor DNA binding domain confirmed a single area of protection that spans the nt identified by mutagenesis analysis. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays of the putative element confirmed the binding of both recombinant and cell synthesized glucocorticoid receptor in a specific manner. In summary, we report the identification and characterization of the glucocorticoid-DNA response element located in the immediate 58-upstream region of the murine pIgR gene.