Self, Identity, and the Natural Environment: Exploring Implicit Connections With Nature

Using the Implicit Association Test (IAT), we examined the tendency for people to associate self with natural or built environments, the malleability of these scores across context, and the relationship between these implicit associations and explicit attitudes about environmental issues. Five studies are reported using a handheld IAT administration in a variety of field contexts. The psychometric properties of the handheld administration were comparable to those obtained with laboratory administration. The cumulative results across the 5 studies suggest that implicit self–nature associations are malleable, but that change requires long-term or repeated experiences. Findings are interpreted within a model of environmental identity. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Schultz, P. W., & Tabanico, J. (2007). Self, identity, and the natural environment. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 1219-1247., which has been published in final form at Article Available ( 1816.2007.00210.x). This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.