The meaning of moral language: Indian perspective
The value of language lies in expressing knowledge and that of knowledge in causing incentive to action. Different from language as representation and reference, the discussion herein takes language is expression that expresses itself its own nature first from which its meaning is revealed nondifferently. Moral language equally expresses its meaning but different from other sort of uses, the knowledge revealed by moral sentences with should/ought mode provides specific impetus to the incentive to do the duty the incentive of which is expressed by the moral sentence. Language and meaning are only intelligible beings that flash in our mind; mind is consciousness, is ubiquitous and flashes equally in the speakers and hearers when instrumented through tokens-that is through sounds/scripts/gestures/perceived data, etc. Flashing means the cognition expressed by language from which incentive and there upon impetus to a duty is caused. The reason for doing some action opposite to or against the expression and incentive caused there upon lies in imposition of the knowledge expressed by the moral language on our allegiances comprising our desires, fruits of our interest, etc. This, in nutshell, is due to ignorance for removal of which one should value the knowledge expressed by moral language, incentive caused by it and the performance of duty in accordance with the incentive proper. If our performance of duty follows the knowledge expressed by the moral language and incentive caused by that knowledge, it is good and if otherwise there is deviation, it is bad. Follow up of the force proper or the impetus caused by the knowledge revealed by moral language is natural and imposition of it on our allegiances is artificial and evaluation of good and bad, moral and non-moral respectively is made accordingly. A duty is the action we perform towards others as a moral agent and that is evaluated as good and bad on the basis of actions performed in accordance with or in opposition to or different from the knowledge expressed, the incentive caused by that and a duty followed consequently. Positivist’s type Verification criterion of meaning is not applicable to the moral sentences which are expressive of duty, basically an object of evaluation and are verified by the duty performed on their basis.
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