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Euro-mulitculturalism and toleration

Multiculturalism has for several decades been an unavoidable term in discussions about social developments in modern societies. The increasing diversity of all societies is an incontrovertible fact. This has led to extensive discussions about all the issues this raises – both in terms of new possibilities and opportunities, but mainly in terms of the problems, threats, risks and challenges posed by the increased presence of people of different backgrounds side by side in the same society. While this phenomenon is not new – the idea of a completely homogenous society is most probably a fiction which very few historical societies have ever realised or even approximated – it is generally accepted that diversity has recently increased due to globalisation and migration. This has occurred in a context with increased awareness, public scrutiny and politicisation of diversity. Simultaneously, the political human rights context now rules out traditional ways of ignoring or oppressing diversity and rather provides an arena for claims of accommodation, and a normative background of ideas providing support for such claims

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