Scientific holism: China meets Wes
This paper begins with an attempt to dissolve the issue of whether traditional China had science. It clarifies the issue as a philosophical problem about whether Chinese culture embraces a natural philosophy—a rational and abstract conceptual system that offers a higher order of understanding and explanation of Nature than do empirical sciences. It dissolves the issue by articulating Chinese natural philosophy characterized as scientific holism consisting of law-like Dao, paraconsistent properties of Yin and Yang, and interdisciplinary domains of Heaven, Earth and humans and by arguing that Chinese Science, the scientific spirit that is culturally distinctly Chinese, and Western Science, the scientific spirit that is culturally distinctly Western, will merge at the point of scientific holism, despite of their historical differences and contraries.
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