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High-Resolution Mapping Of Two Large-Scale Transpressional Fault Zones In The California Continental Borderland: Santa Cruz-Catalina Ridge And Ferrelo Faults
New mapping of two active transpressional fault zones in the California Continental Borderland, the Santa Cruz?Catalina Ridge fault and the Ferrelo fault, was carried out to characterize their geometries, using over 4500 line?km of new multibeam bathymetry data collected in 2010 combined with existing data. Faults identified from seafloor morphology were verified in the subsurface using existing seismic reflection data including single?channel and multichannel seismic profiles compiled over the past three decades. The two fault systems are parallel and are capable of large lateral offsets and reverse slip during earthquakes. The geometry of the fault systems shows evidence of multiple segments that could experience throughgoing rupture over distances exceeding 100?km. Published earthquake hypocenters from regional seismicity studies further define the lateral and depth extent of the historic fault ruptures. Historical and recent focal mechanisms obtained from first?motion and moment tensor studies confirm regional strain partitioning dominated by right slip on major throughgoing faults with reverse?oblique mechanisms on adjacent structures. Transpression on west and northwest trending structures persists as far as 270?km south of the Transverse Ranges; extension persists in the southern Borderland. A logjam model describes the tectonic evolution of crustal blocks bounded by strike?slip and reverse faults which are restrained from northwest displacement by the Transverse Ranges and the southern San Andreas fault big bend. Because of their potential for dip?slip rupture, the faults may also be capable of generating local tsunamis that would impact Southern California coastlines, including populated regions in the Channel Islands.