The illness of reason and crimes against humanity: genocide as an ideological act

The present paper analyses the terrible phenomenon of genocide, which represents a particular case of crimes against humanity. We attempt at accounting for the causes at the root of the phenomenon, starting from two concepts, which we argue as central: the notion of ‘type’ and its impact to community construction, and the concept of ideology; the latter, understood as a philosophical perversion flourishing in an unprecedented manner in the contemporary world, allows the demonization of a group and the gestation of social processes conducive to destruction, especially because the targeted group is viewed as carrying a particular community ‘type’.


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