Rethinking emotions in confucian political philosophy
The Confucian political philosophy is empirically grounded upon a private sphere of “emotion” in a more general sense, so “the becoming ontology” of emotion (Qing 情) stands as its footstone. As a characteristic of Confucian conception and its culture, this substantially private “emotional” experience deals with how to attain communal as well as individual harmony. In Confucian political philosophy, the initial claim is made onto the selfcultivation or moral cultivation on the part of each individual. “The becoming ontology” of emotion, which best reflects the nature of emotions, will be illustrated in four pairs of relationship: 1. Emotion vs. Shamanism (Wu 巫): from “the shamanism rationalized” to “shamanism-transformed emotion”; 2. Emotion vs. Rite (Li 禮): from “rite and Music do good to each other” to “rite comes out of emotions”; 3. Emotion vs. Human Nature (Xing 性): from “emotions arise out of human nature” to “mind unites and apprehends human nature and emotions”; 4. Emotions vs. Fact (Shi 實):“to love all equally” vs. “indiscriminate and mutual love”.
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