Masters Thesis

Predicting Injuries in Gymnastics Using the Functional Movement Screen

Gymnastics is a complex and progressive sport that is popular all over the world. Risk of injury is high due to the demands of training year round and increasing the difficulty of skills year after year. Research has focused on injury rates, but has not identified specific methods to identify risk and prevent injury in gymnastics. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool that has shown efficacy in predicting injury in various populations. However, no research has used the FMS to predict injuries in gymnasts. This study performed the FMS on gymnasts training levels 7-10. Thirty-one gymnasts, ages 10-18, agreed to participate in this study and were screened with the FMS. Participants were tracked for 4.5 months. Two left the study during the first month and were not included in the data. Injuries were tracked during the participant’s pre and regular season. No significant differences were found between injured and non-injured gymnasts in relation to the overall and individual FMS tests. Surprisingly, injured gymnasts scored better on the FMS (mean = 15.00±3.25) compared to the non-injured gymnasts (mean = 13.61±1.97). Differences were found between level 7 and level 9 gymnasts for mean overall FMS score (level 7 = 16.17±1.33, level 9 = 12.37±2.77, p<0.05) and the trunk stability push up between levels 7 (2.67±0.82) and 9 (0.75±1.34) and levels 8 (2.62±1.06) and 9 (0.75±1.34). The results from this study suggest that the FMS cannot predict injury in gymnastics. However, it may be a useful tool to track changes in functional movement as gymnasts progress through the levels of gymnastics. iii TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES......................................................................................................... v LIST OF FIGURES .................................................................

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