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Early childhood from birth to one year
The purpose of this thesis was to develop a unique but effective programmed manual to help teach parents, pre-school teachers, student nurses, and other para-professionals in the health field about the early stages of infant development. While the presentation leans toward the behavioral school of child development, it cannot be characterized as favoring any particular school of psychology and it is eclectic in its scope and emphasis. Program instruction techniques were utilized in the preparation of this "Manual" because programmed instruction materials are self-teaching and self-evaluative. An instructor or classroom is not needed. Furthermore, programmed instruction materials enable the student to learn at his own pace. Developmental testing on eleven subjects was conducted to perfect the content and design of the programmed manual. A pre-test and a post-test were than conducted on a group sampled from the target population. Results of the pre-test and post-test show an average increment in scores between the pre-test and the post-test and an increase in knowledge. Statistical treatment showed that the scores of the group became significantly higher after three hours study of the programmed instruction manual. Subjects liked and approved of the programmed instruction manual especially when accompanied with visual aid (pictorial in this case). On the basis of the above findings, it is recommended that the nursing personnel in collaboration with nursery school staff use the programmed instruction technique in developing further programs in child development.