Thesis

Art song style in Italian song, lieder, and mélodie: an art song recital for tenor and piano

This program celebrates the singer's repertoire; the art song. It explores a wide range of art song style in Italian, French and German. Various methods of unifying groups were employed when choosing the repertoire. Groups are unified by language, composer, and sometimes by poets. All of these songs present the unique relationship between text and music which makes a vocal piece an art song. The songs capture various moods; passionate, tender, mystical, exciting. The goal of this recital is to demonstrate the beauty of the art song repertoire through the sensitive performance of these representative songs. Groups I and II are comprised by works by Franz Schubert. The songs are chosen for their musical and textual contrast. First song "An die Leier" begins with a heroic piano accompaniment with a recitative-like vocal part that gradually fades to one measure of silence. The idea of love is introduced for contrast. The hero and the idea of love clash with each other throughout the song but the love wins at the end. "Nacht und Traume," is one of Schubert's beloved songs. The rocking accompaniment in the bass ofthe piano in a slow tempo creates somewhat mysterious and dream-like mood. The G diminished chord that does not resolve in this song does not use harmony in a way that is typical for Schubert. "Dass sie hier gewesen,: is in C major, but the key is not established until the words "Dass du hier gewesen" (that you were here). The first set ends with somewhat more familiar song "An Sylvia," which is in a traditional strophic form. The counter melody in the bass (ground bass) and the main melody in the voice tum this song into duet between an accompanist and a singer. (See more in text.)

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