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Counselor role and function: a survey of California high school principals.
The need for counselors to justify their existence in today's (1974) secondary school programs is for the most part unnecessary. School counselors have become accepted and integral members of the school staff. Evidence of this acceptance can be found in the numerous lay and professional publications which state the necessity of school counselors to meet the objectives of education. Further evidence of the inclusion of counselors in today's schools can be found in the growth of the number of full-time counselors. "In 1959 there were only 7,000 full-time counselors in American public schools, but by 1965 this number had increased to 33,201."¹ Additional evidence includes the support given counseling by Congress in passing such legislation as the National Defense Act of 1958, the Elementary and Secondary School Act of 1965, and the Vocational Education Amendments of 1968, Few administrators, if any, would argue against a guidance program operating within their school system. Numerous articles, Dietz (1970), Fotiu (1967), Schmidt (1962), etc., attest to the fact that existing counseling and guidance programs are viewed positively.