Systematic Review of Sleep Quality and Sleep Promotion in the Intensive Care Unit

A plethora of research has confirmed that critically ill patients in the intensive care units are experiencing profound fragmented non-consolidated sleep that is interfering with their ability to recover from illnesses and restore their sense of well being (Kamdar et al., 2012). On the contrary, screening, evaluation, and improvement of sleep quality are at suboptimal level in the intensive care units (Mathew, 2011). A systematic review of research was conducted to identify the multiple facets of sleep disturbances and evidence-based innovative sleep promotion strategies to ameliorate the detrimental physiopsychological sequelae of sleep fragmentation for this vulnerable population.