Thesis

The Impact of the California Healthy Youth Act on Intimate Partner Violence in San Diego’s Sexual Minority Adolescents

PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by adolescents has been linked a multitude of negative health outcomes later in life. Studies continues to show sexual minority adolescents (SMA) are at increased risk of IPV victimization when compared to heterosexual youth. This study looks at the impact of the California Healthy Youth Act (CHYA) to reduce the prevalence of IPV among SMA in San Diego. METHODS: Chi square analysis and crude odds ratios were used to investigate whether an association exist between rates of IPV and the implementation of the CHYA using a local sample in San Diego. Recent bullying victimization was also examined to determine if the CHYA was able to reduce prevalence which studies have shown to be a mediator for IPV. RESULTS: No statistically significant associations were identified between IPV and the CHYA. Trends were identified on the local level which differ from national trends including the prevalence of IPV among SMA males and the prevalence of recent bullying victimization against SMA. CONCLUSION: San Diego SMA are at equal and in many cases greater risk of becoming victims of IPV. Although there was no statistically significant association between the rates of IPV and implementation of the CHYA, much was learned about the burden faced by SMA in San Diego. Further evaluation can help determine the effectiveness of health policies like the CHYA.

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