Graduate project

A history of residential schools for the deaf in Canada

The most pressing reason for writing this study is that this material has never been in accessible form. It places on record some of the most important events of the past history of residential schools for the deaf in Canada. It also includes some of the influences other areas of education may have had on schools for the deaf. The forces which shaped general education in Canada also greatly influenced the education of deaf children. These factors were: 1. divisive aspects of vast distances. 2. the relatively new concept of education opportunity for all instead of for the select few. 3, a decentralized administrative pattern as a result of the provinces being in control of education. One section deals with the founding of the schools in the nineteenth century. It mentions the financial struggles that individuals encountered when starting schools. It also points out some trends that seemed to be developing at the turn of the century. Another section deals with the twentieth century and some of the factors that influenced residential schools for the deaf. There is a look at other areas of special education and some of the trends in that area. Other factors, such as the Second World War and its influence, are discussed. final section points out some of the trends of residential schools for the deaf in Canada. These are: 1. regional centers to serve all people interested in hearing impairment in a given area, 2. pre-school home visiting programs, 3, intension services for hearing impaired children enrolled in other programs, 4. vocational programs in existing schools rather than duplicating services, 5. support programs in junior colleges, 6. separate units for multi-handicapped deaf children, and 7. teacher training programs affiliated with a university rather than in-service.