The effects of fluency vs. accuracy training, on application, stability and endurance tests, using matched and yoked participants

The study was conducted with university students between the ages of 18-25 years old and aimed to investigate whether being trained to fluency had any benefits over accuracy only training, when accuracy participants were yoked to receive an equal number of trials as the participant they were matched to in the fluency condition (from pre training tests). This was tested under application (a stimulus equivalence simple math test), endurance (under a longer period of time than in training) and under stability (in distracting circumstances: with music playing). A paired samples ttest revealed that those in the fluency condition answered significantly more correct answers per minute, and fewer incorrect answers per minute than those in the accuracy condition under the three conditions (application, endurance and stability). The results replicated the findings of Bucklin, Dickinson and Brethower's (2000) study, demonstrating that it isn't merely the number of exposures the fluency participants received responsible for the increased number of correct responses and fewer incorrect responses than those trained to accuracy. Future research could look at whether the findings could be replicated under various retention tests.