Thesis

Hmong for Hmong only--Hmong I: a supplementary reading readiness course packet for beginning college Hmong students

The Hmong language was identified as an oral tradition in which the older
 generations orally taught values, morals, and ritual rites to the younger generations for
 thousands of years dated back to 2,500 B.C. in China. About 6 decades ago, a group of
 French-American missionaries and a linguist developed a writing system for the Hmong
 in Laos in 1950. It was identified as the Romanized Popular Alphabet (RPA script). The
 RPA script became the literacy for the Hmong.
 For the Hmong language, the RPA script is divided into three groups: consonants,
 vowels, and tone markers. The consonants are further categorized into four groups
 such as 18 single consonants, 22 double consonants, 14 triple consonants, and 3 quadruple
 consonants. There are a total of 57 Hmong consonants, 13 vowels, 6 mono-vowels,
 and 7 bi-vowels. There are eight tone markers that indicated the high, middle, and low
 pitch in each word that is spoken.
 These are the important elements of the Hmong literacy. Once a student has
 mastered the pronunciation of these individual letters she or he would be able to paste the
 letters to make words. The words could be formed into sentences. This researcher noticed
 the alphabet to be a problem for the Hmong American students because English and
 Hmong rely on the same alphabets, but different a phonetic guide. It is frustrating for
 many beginning Hmong American students when they first attempt to learn the language.

The Hmong language was identified as an oral tradition in which the older generations orally taught values, morals, and ritual rites to the younger generations for thousands of years dated back to 2,500 B.C. in China. About 6 decades ago, a group of French-American missionaries and a linguist developed a writing system for the Hmong in Laos in 1950. It was identified as the Romanized Popular Alphabet (RPA script). The RPA script became the literacy for the Hmong. For the Hmong language, the RPA script is divided into three groups: consonants, vowels, and tone markers. The consonants are further categorized into four groups such as 18 single consonants, 22 double consonants, 14 triple consonants, and 3 quadruple consonants. There are a total of 57 Hmong consonants, 13 vowels, 6 mono-vowels, and 7 bi-vowels. There are eight tone markers that indicated the high, middle, and low pitch in each word that is spoken. These are the important elements of the Hmong literacy. Once a student has mastered the pronunciation of these individual letters she or he would be able to paste the letters to make words. The words could be formed into sentences. This researcher noticed the alphabet to be a problem for the Hmong American students because English and Hmong rely on the same alphabets, but different a phonetic guide. It is frustrating for many beginning Hmong American students when they first attempt to learn the language.

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