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Surveying the student body : the war on drugs and exclusionary examination in education
Nixon's War on Drugs served to bring the body of the individual under the increasing scrutiny of the state (Derrida, 1980; Zakaria, 2012) and since the 1970’s, the state and education have engaged a comprehensive system of social and educational surveillance. (Fenning & Rose, 2007) These policies have enacted a disciplinary model based on detention, punishment and incarceration designed to track the individual through their educational and economic lives. This has resulted in the highest incarceration rate in the world. The long term effects of these policies are evidenced by the statistical over representation of minorities in poverty (Wheeler, 2012), incarceration (Zakaria, 2012), high drop-out rates, (Sum, Khatiwada, McLaughlin, & Palma, 2011) within systems of exclusionary discipline: suspension, detention, expulsion and in special education. (Fenning & Rose, 2007; Loosen & Grfield, 2002; Crone, Homer, & Hawken, 2004) This thesis deconstructs tire long term ramifications of these policies of social engineering such as the War on Drags and the targeting of the minority body for incarceration, poverty and political disenfranchisement. Tragically, the profound social impact on American education has been ignored by academia.