Masters Thesis

Rates of Post Operational Medical Adherence and Its Association with Negative Emotions

Medical adherence is a big issue in today’s society, with non-adherence rates in the medical world as high as 30% (Cramer & Rosenheck, 1998). Lack of adherence is not only costly to society long term, but can also cost people their lives (Levine et al., 2013). This study is aimed at investigating the link between non-adherence and negative emotions to gain insight into this problem. To gather data, researchers constructed a survey to collect demographic information from pre-surgical patients (N = 383; 51% female) at a community hospital in Riverside, California. Months later, researchers administered a survey to assess patient emotions as well as the General Adherence Scale (DiMatteo et al., 1993) to assess levels of adherence following their surgery. It was hypothesized that patients who reported more negative emotions would report lower levels of adherence. Specifically, patients who experience regret, dissatisfaction, disappointment and sadness would have lower levels of adherence. The reasoning for these hypotheses is based on previous research which shows a trend of positive emotions being associated with higher levels of adherence, which would be congruent with the hypothesis that negative emotions would lead to lower levels of adherence (Cuffee et al., 2012). The results of the study found that, as predicted, happiness is associated with higher levels of adherence. It was also found that the negative emotions in this study were not significantly related to adherence.

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