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Effects of a Multicomponent Exercise Program on Upper and Lower Body Strength, and Dynamic Balance and Agility in Community-dwelling Older Adults
With the population growing older and living longer there is a need to find effective methods for assisting individuals maintain a high level of function so they can live independently well into their older adult years. Multicomponent exercise programs (i.e., strength, aerobic, flexibility, neuromotor training) are a viable option for staying physically active and mobile for older adults. a secondary database associated with the Fit4Life exercise program conducted at the Center for Successful Aging at California State University, Fullerton was analyzed to determine whether improvements in upper and lower body strength and dynamic balance and agility were evident following the completion of two rotations of a 10-week exercise program offered in the Fall and Spring semesters. Pre- and post-program assessment scores were compared for 65 community-dwelling older adults who participated in the Fit4Life program for two consecutive semesters between the years of 1997 and 2017. Significant post-program improvements were observed for the group in upper (p <. 001) and lower body strength (p< .001) as well as dynamic balance and agility (p = .003). Attendance frequency appeared to have the greatest influence on lower body strength improvements when the group was divided accorded to attendance frequency. Participation in a 20-week multicomponent exercise program appears to be beneficial in improving upper and lower body strength and dynamic balance and agility.
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