A career development program for single mothers

Over the years, the number of single mother households has increased (United States Census Bureau, 2011). Single mothers represent approximately 70% of single parents (Kotwal & Prabhaker, 2009). Correspondingly, these women represent a large population of welfare recipients. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 placed a time limit on the amount of aid families could receive (Wessels, 2003). As such, many single mothers are leaving the welfare system and transitioning to work (Jackson & Scheines, 2005). Furthermore single mothers encounter a number of barriers that may impede their career development and chances of finding employment including: educational barriers, financial hardships, obstacles to child care, low social support, and balancing their multiple roles as a single mother. To address these challenges, a six-week career development program will be introduced to assist single mothers in transitioning from welfare to work. The proposed project stems from two theoretical frameworks: Super's Lifespan Theory (Super, 1980) and Social Cognitive Career Theory (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994).