Downloadable ContentDownload PDF
Phonological substitutions of Arabic, Cantonese Japanese, Persian, Spanish, Thai, and Vietnamese ESL speakers
This study is designed as an articulatory manual for ESL instructors. Articulatory descriptions are used to explain the pronunciation of English segmental phonemes. The native language phonological substitutions commonly made by Arabic, Cantonese, Japanese, Persian, Spanish, Thai, and Vietnamese ESL speakers are described and the articulatory features of the substitutions are compared with the articulatory features of English sounds.