Masters Thesis

Short term outcomes of 'Aggression Replacement Training' at a California juvenile detention facility

Aggression Replacement Training (ART) is a multimodal, cognitive-behavioral based group treatment that was instituted at a California juvenile detention facility to reduce recidivism. A one-group pretest post-test design, as well as a quasi-experimental design was used to discover short-term outcomes of ART implementation. Subjects were 154 incarcerated males between ages 14 and 18. Seventy-seven participants who completed ART composed the treatment group, while 77 juveniles who received no treatment were randomly selected as a control group. Analyses showed that ART participants exhibited a statistically significant decrease in problem behaviors following ART participation, but did not exhibit fewer problem behaviors than the control group. Weaknesses and strengths are discussed, focusing on the quasi-experimental design, and the decrease in problem behaviors respectively.

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