The supervision and career advancement of women in higher education administration

This study highlights the under-representation of women in educational leadership. It explores the specific issue of supervision as an important function of management that facilitates women’s career advancement, and promotes gender equity. The very nature of supervision mirrors a historical value of the profession, employee development. Key themes, including organizational culture, gender and racial bias, effective supervision, and positive encouragement with subordinates provide an understanding of the relationship supervision has on equitable female representation within management. Data collection included a unique application of the Synergistic Supervision Scale (SSS) and interviews with managers to uncover the supervision context and institutional barriers that impede employees. A conceptual model is provided for supervision that specifically supports women’s equitable rise from mid-level to senior management.