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Objective and Subjective Analysis of Walkability: Ladera Ranch, California, a Case Study
This research studies the objective and subjective walkability of the community of Ladera Ranch, California. Ladera Ranch is a community built on New Urbanist principles and its design includes aspects to make the neighborhood pedestrian friendly. the community was objectively measured using four components of a walkability index to test the design for walkability. in addition, the 10 districts and villages within Ladera Ranch were compared to each other in the index. Ladera Ranch was found to be highly walkable. the villages within had various states of walkability with Avendale being the most walkable and Covenant Hills being the least. Service area analysis of destinations within the community showed a high percentage of residents able to walk to recreational facilities in 10 minutes, but lower percentages able to walk to other destinations such as schools and retail. Using an online survey instrument, an analysis of the residential perceptions of the walkability of Ladera Ranch and its villages was conducted. Perceptions of walkability were varied but a high percentage of all residents believe Ladera Ranch to be a walkable community. the objective and subjective measures were compared to each other and to the stated rates of walking by residents. There was no statistical correlation between the score on the walkability index or the residential perceptions of walkability with the low rates of walking for transport in Ladera Ranch or the villages.
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