Masters Thesis

Policy proposal for child care system in Saudi Arabia

The rising cost of living among the majority of industrialized nations across the world requires the majority of the parents to return to work while the children are young. According to a report published by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD, 2010), the average female employment rate is set at 65% among its member countries. This reality remains prevalent among single and two-parent households around the globe. However, this creates a situation, as the parents are unaware of how to effectively provide the necessary care for their younger children and at the same time provide a substantial amount of income to address for their living costs. The majority of industrialized nations have endeavored to create policies that will effectively account for the changing needs of young working families. However, the development of a national policy is not only influenced by the needs and demands placed upon dual earners or single parent households, but it is also developed from various ideologies and national historical contexts. Through the examination of child care policies developed and instituted by governments around the world, this study identifies the different avenues utilized by governments to enhance child welfare and encourage women’s employment within their economies. The avenues integrated by governments are diverse as they integrate the political, economic and cultural values espoused by each country in relation to the welfare of the children.

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