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Mapping Native American masculinity in a postcolonial space: male characters and constructs of masculinity in D’arcy McNickle’s The Surrounded
D’Arcy McNickle’s 1936 novel The Surrounded is a seminal work of Native American fiction. Combining the work of theorists in both masculine studies and postcolonial studies, I analyze McNickle’s novel as an expression of Native American identity and masculinity in response to pernicious stereotypes of Native masculinity and to colonialism generally. My close reading identifies where these stereotypes exist in the novel and how Native males combat or succumb to them. Ultimately, I show how colonialism works as a gendered process, threatening Native manhood as well as the Native community at large.