The Impact of Leadership Styles on Employee Motivation and Performance in the Public Sector

In the past decades, improving employee performance has become an important issue and a main concern within public sector organizations. The type of leadership style employed by a leader can affect the motivation and performance of an employee in an organization. The aim of this research is to investigate the impact of transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership on employee motivation and performance within the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) in Los Angeles (LA) County. From the evidence obtained by the literature review, a quantitative correlation research will best fit to show the relationship between leadership and motivation and performance. The sample of this study was selected through a non-probability convenience sampling. Data will be collected from 1,538 employees working at 15 DMV locations in the LA County. Results from this study will provide leaders an understanding and help develop a plan on the leadership styles that is best suited to increase employee motivation and performance.

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