Masters Thesis

The relationship of religious orientation to accepting others.

In Social Psychology, attention has been given to interpersonal response traits which affect the social behavior of persons. Krech, Crutchfield, and Ballachev have called attention to such traits which characterize the social conduct of people. They have pointed out that such traits are fairly stable and exist in varying amounts in different people. Each person is therefore seen as developing a distinctive set of enduring dispositions to respond to other people in characteristic ways. The development of interpersonal response traits probably results from a combination of heredity, environmental conditions, and personal experience. Interpersonal response traits are thus seen as resulting from constitutional factors, how the person grows in his particular environment, and how the person has experienced success and failure in satisfying his needs. For example, the society in which the person lives sets up norms and social barriers which may tend to block satisfaction of the person's wants. Society may set up goals whose attainment is blocked by its culture patterns and institutionalized ways. When goal attainment or need satisfaction is blocked, this may well lead to the development of such interpersonal response traits as aggression, unsociability, and rejection of others. In this study, attention is limited to whether the religious background, belief, and commitment of the individual is related to the one interpersonal response trait—accepting others.