Media in the classroom : a critical analysis of technology in education

Recent technological advancements and new educational media have significant ramifications for educators. The author reviews and examines existing research on these new developments and also provides insight based on his own systematic observations. In an effort to help us gain a better understanding of using technology to supplement classroom learning, he relates his discussion to the need to teach students critical thinking and problem solving skills. The transferring of these skills is also discussed. Beginning with a discussion of television, the author questions whether educators are maintaining the status quo in allowing students to remain passive viewers. He suggests that we begin to teach students "critical viewing" skills. The implications of using the video medium is also discussed. Its strength may lie in its potential to promote better interaction among the lecture, text, and video presentation. Computers are being used as instructional tools more widely. Computer assisted instruction (CAI), word processing, and programming are examined. CAI is passive, drill and practice. Students tend to master the quizes provided as opposed to the subject content. With word processing and programming, students are in control of the technology, and may become more analytical. The author concludes with an examination of the issue of access and equity. Minority, poor, and female students have historically been discriminated against in our educational institutions. As our society becomes more technologically oriented, it is important that we, as educators, provide equal access to all students.