Project

An Intervention to Change Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Related to Safe Sexual Practices in Adolescent Females to Reduce the Risk for HIV Infection.

Adolescent females in the United States and around the world are at an increase risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Understanding the factors that increase adolescent females vulnerability to HIV infection is necessary for the development of an effective HIV prevention program. The objective of this proposed research grant is to implement a community based HIV prevention program for adolescent females intended to change knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to safe sexual practices. A quantitative experimental pre-test/post-test control group design will be utilized for the proposed research study. Two hundred and sixteen adolescent females aged 13 to 18 years of age who live in San Diego County will be recruited to participate in the study. The Health Belief Model (HBM) will be used as the framework for the intervention. Both the intervention group and the control group will receive six 60-minute sessions provided by four trained female healthcare facilitators. The intervention group will receive education on HIV infection and skill building activities necessary to practice safe sex. The control group will receive education on sexual health, healthy relationships, and keeping a healthy body. The intended outcome of the proposed study is to see if there is a change in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to safe sexual practices in adolescent females after completing a HIV prevention program. Outcomes of the intervention will be evaluated using four instruments: (1) HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire for adolescent girls (HIV-KQ AG), (2) Adolescents’ Attitudes: AIDS Precautions Scale (3) UCLA Multi-dimensional Condom Attitudes Scale (MCAS), and (4) An Adolescent and Young Adult Condom Self- Efficacy Scale. The proposed study is significant to nursing because the advanced practice nurse (APN) is a major provider in caring for the adolescent population. This gives the APN a valuable opportunity to provide HIV prevention education that is crucial for the adoption of lifelong attitudes, skills, and behavior that support the overall health and well being of adolescent females.

Adolescent females in the United States and around the world are at an increase risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Understanding the factors that increase adolescent females vulnerability to HIV infection is necessary for the development of an effective HIV prevention program. The objective of this proposed research grant is to implement a community based HIV prevention program for adolescent females intended to change knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to safe sexual practices. A quantitative experimental pre-test/post-test control group design will be utilized for the proposed research study. Two hundred and sixteen adolescent females aged 13 to 18 years of age who live in San Diego County will be recruited to participate in the study. The Health Belief Model (HBM) will be used as the framework for the intervention. Both the intervention group and the control group will receive six 60-minute sessions provided by four trained female healthcare facilitators. The intervention group will receive education on HIV infection and skill building activities necessary to practice safe sex. The control group will receive education on sexual health, healthy relationships, and keeping a healthy body. The intended outcome of the proposed study is to see if there is a change in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to safe sexual practices in adolescent females after completing a HIV prevention program. Outcomes of the intervention will be evaluated using four instruments: (1) HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire for adolescent girls (HIV-KQ AG), (2) Adolescents’ Attitudes: AIDS Precautions Scale (3) UCLA Multi-dimensional Condom Attitudes Scale (MCAS), and (4) An Adolescent and Young Adult Condom Self- Efficacy Scale. The proposed study is significant to nursing because the advanced practice nurse (APN) is a major provider in caring for the adolescent population. This gives the APN a valuable opportunity to provide HIV prevention education that is crucial for the adoption of lifelong attitudes, skills, and behavior that support the overall health and well being of adolescent females.

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