Masters Thesis

Barriers and Facilitators to Prevent and Control Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a continuously growing issue worldwide. Controlling or preventing gestational diabetes prevent complications during pregnancy. However, as the incidence rate for gestational diabetes keeps growing each year, more pregnant mothers are at risk for health complications. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy, and although it usually goes away during postpartum, many pregnant women are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Knowing the barriers women faced could facilitate healthcare providers to help pregnant women prevent and control gestational diabetes and know the enablers to prevent and manage gestational diabetes. This literature review explores the barriers and facilitators to prevent and control gestational diabetes. Findings indicates that women faced healthy system barriers, motivational barriers, an overload of life responsibilities, and low healthcare quality as barriers to prevent and control gestational diabetes. On the other hand, a healthy lifestyle, receiving gestational diabetes educations, and having social support can be facilitators to prevent and control gestational diabetes.