Factors Associated with Caregiver Burden and Interventions that Address the Problem

The purpose of this thesis research project is to explore correlates associated with caregiver burden among caregivers who care for an older adult with at least one chronic illness. The results from Chapter two suggest that caregiver burden is predominately associated with factors related to care-recipient characteristics and care recipient behaviors. The care-recipients characteristics is linked to behavioral disturbances, such as repetitive behaviors and memory deficits. While care-recipients behavior is associated with the level of functioning in the care-recipients (ADLS & IADLS), such as dependency in bathing, clothing themselves, needing assistance with eating, transferring and other common daily task. Caregiver’s perception was a strong predictor of how caregivers reacted to the care-recipient’s characteristics and behaviors. The least evident factor of caregiver burden were the factors related to caregiver’s demographic characteristics. In addressing caregiver burden, multicomponent interventions compared to psychoeducational, supportive, and therapeutic programs demonstrated the most effectiveness. However, there were several common limitations found throughout the literature. The gaps with in the literature suggest that there is a need for future research in capturing a diverse population, a larger sample size and recruiting more male caregivers in the studies. Keywords: caregiver burden, caregiver stress, caregiver strain, caregiver distress