Progress Monitoring to Detect the Effectiveness of Response to intervention Reading Interventions for Low Performing Elementary Students

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of progress monitoring in an elementary school, as 16 second through fifth-grade students participated in Response to Intervention (RTI) nine-month small group instruction intervention in reading comprehension and fluency. This study examined the following research question: “What does student progress monitoring tell educators about the effectiveness of a Response to Intervention multi-tiered system of support with second through fifth-grade students who have IEPs and who have been referred for additional support through a Student Study Team process?” The dependent variable was the tracking and analysis of students’ literacy skills over the school year on a trimester basis as recorded on the AIMSweb research-based assessment for monitoring literacy performance and progress. Results indicate that participating students experienced notable yet varying progress students in reading comprehension and fluency over the course of a school year. Data suggest that progress needed to be monitored on at least the trimester basis employed in this study to accurately capture students’ growth in reading achievement. Progress monitoring assessment that followed the two-week winter break or a week break led to depressed performances for some students. Students had better results when they were assessed following periods of regular instruction without break or when assessed at the end rather than the beginning of a week.