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California Realignment Act Assembly Bill 109: policy analysis after 1 year of implementation
In response to United States Supreme Court ordered to reduce the population in its seriously overcrowded prisons. California as October 1, 2011 began implementing Realignment Act Assembly Bill 109. The projected plan shifts the responsibility for non-serious, non-nonviolent, non-sexually offenders from the state to its 58 counties. The goal of realignment is to relocate low risk offenders from the state to either county jails or alternative reform. Also, part implementation county probation departments will take on supervision offenders on Post Release Community Supervision (PRCS).Although, the counties receive funding to cover the cost of supervising these offenders, the state has not established standards nor provided any funding for evaluating the county policies and practices in managing its new program. This report will comment on the history of probation reform policies in California. The following chapter will explore how Coleman and Plata laid the groundwork for California’s focus on reform. Chapter three will focus adoption of Realignment Act and its effects after one year of implementation. The chapter will analyze comparative case study analyzing four specific counties. The following chapters will focus analysis alternatives on how state should provide mandatory guidelines for the county rehabilitation efforts as part the realignment.
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