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Demonstration of meeting the 2014 council for the accreditation of counseling and related educational programs
The aim of multiple artifacts is to examine the literature formed around diverse student populations, including LGBTQ students, sexual assault victims, veterans, undocumented students, and first-generation students. The following reviews of the literature are in response to prompts from the 2014 Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) Standards. In consideration of the various challenges the LGBTQ student population experiences, a literature review is used to propose the implementation of weekly intervention programs to facilitate psychological well-being, and lower physical safety concerns for LGBTQ students. These issues were explored with the use of Cass's model of Homosexual Identity Formation (1984). Further implications were provided for student affairs professionals, including the importance of campus climate change for LGBTQ students. Sexual violence can hinder the development of students across their life time. A review of the literature was explored to emphasize the importance of the availability of support services for college women who have experienced sexual assault in their lifetimes. Implications indicate that the increase of empowerment and support services for these women can lower psychological distress, leading to higher retention rates and success in college. The cognitive and psychological impairments of student veterans can be hindering to their employment outlook, therefore the implementation of Strength-Based Programming on college campuses can increase employment attainment for veteran college students. College counselors and student affairs professionals can promote employment attainment in student veterans by increasing their self-confidence through the use of positive psychology. While working with undocumented students in community college or university settings, it is vital to understand characteristics and challenges that this at-risk and underrepresented student population faces. Factors such as financial concerns, equality and marginalization can be hindering to the educational attainment process of undocumented students. A review of current trends and literature highlights the various policies that can provide students with more opportunities in education. First-generation college students may have lower academic preparation, exposure, and support while pursuing a higher education. An analysis of first-generation students proposed the implementation of intervention programs that incorporate adaptive coping strategies can increase retention rates among first-generation college students.