Mexico's Policy Cycles: Similarities and Differences in Policy Cycles of President Enrique Peña Nieto’s Neoliberal Model with President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s Neostructural Model

Like the sun rises and sets to signify a new day and the end of the night, policy cycles, follow the same pattern. One cycle will rise as the leading and dominating factor but will end when a new cycle begins. In the case of Mexico, the regime of ex-President Enrique Peña Nieto's (EPN) term came to an end December 2018 and a new one rose after the inauguration of President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) as its leader. This new cycle allows President AMLO (or any other democratic leader) to change any previous work from the last administration and introduce his own agenda. This paper will discuss the neostructuralist stand of President AMLO in light of the review of certain policies on: free trade, investment, government involvement in the economy and social welfare policies implemented during the first twenty months of his regime (December 2018 - July 2020). As a comparison, the same set of policies will be reviewed during the neoliberal administration of Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-2018). As President AMLO only encompassed twenty months of his presidential term.

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