Masters Thesis

How the problematic modern expression of the concept of Hell developed from ancient source: Hell, and eternal punishment in the Protestant Christian movement from the concept of Sheol through the European renaissance to the present

This thesis focuses on the original languages and the subsequent modifications of eternal worldview through artistic expression, thus demonstrating the way that the modern problematic concept of Hell adapts the original context of the documents and languages found in ancient religious and secular sources. The modern place of eternal punishment, Hell, is not found in the Christian Scriptures. The concept of a punishing Hell emerged from misinterpretations and theological wish fulfillment changed the original intent and context of ancient terms into a modern place of fire and brimstone. The evolving myth of a literal Hell began as an imaginative and powerful construct in the early fourteenth century. The Protestant Reformation, and the following Great Awakening movement, finished the foundations that eventually became the horrible abode of endless torture, a place to which bad or unfaithful people go when they die, Hell.

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